Saturday, April 28, 2007

Bowmont Fleece 3 - Spinning

By Leigh

One of the advantages of starting an online workshop late, is having the benefit of the experience of the other participants. The Bowmont Fleece Challenge has generated some very interesting discussions in the Online Guild forum, and until now, I've been able to sit back, read, and take it all in.

Since my sample had to be shipped overseas from the UK, it was already washed. Even so, I found the discussion about washing fine fleece to be very informative. I was able to jump in with my fleece assessment, and preparing the fleece for spinning. Challenge participants tried a variety of preparation methods: hand carders, woolcombs, and spinning straight from the staple. One common problem was neps and trying to avoid them, which is not uncommon with fine fleece.

Since I am working with 50 grams, I decided not to experiment like I would if I had a whole fleece to play with. I want as little waste as possible! My plan was to use my favorite spinning tool, my dog comb, to open the locks. I would spin straight from these without further preparation.

What I discovered was that my regular dog comb was too coarse to comb the fine locks. So I decided to try what is called a "flea comb," also available in the pet department.

Dog combed Bowmont staple.This worked very well. It opens up the staple beautifully. (It also works great on shedding cats even if they don't have fleas, provided said cats will cooperate with being combed.)

Then on to the spinning.

Spinning a dog combed staple of Bowmont from the cut end.Spinning from the staple produced another interesting conversation amongst challenge participants; whether it is better to spin from the tip or the butt (cut) end. Of course, like everything else, there are those who have had success either way. I chose to spin from the butt of the staple for two reasons.

The first reason has to do with fiber length, as the longest fibers will draft out and spin first, leaving the shorter fibers behind to be spun last. This really isn't a factor with the Bowmont, as the quality of the fleece is consistent throughout the sample, no matter the fiber length, which varies very little anyway. It would be a factor if Bowmont was a dual coated fleece or had a lot of long guard hair. It would also be a factor if it was blended with another fiber of a different fiber length, for the same reason.

The second reason has to do with the physical structure of the individual fibers themselves. Wool fibers have microscopic scales. If you read my Angora rabbit posts, you probably remember me mentioning this then.

These scales are attached to the indivudual fibers like fish scales, the edges facing toward the tip. The fiber then can either be spun so as to smooth the scales down, or can be spun "against the grain" so to speak.

I must say that spinning them this way is wonderfully easy and smooth. The fiber has just enough lanolin left in it to make spinning a joy. Wanting to stretch my 50 grams as far as I can, I am spinning a finer yarn than I think I ever have before, except perhaps at a workshop.

My Bowmont singles measure 66 WPI.My singles are measuring 66 WPI, and here is a short length plyed back on itself next to a dime.....

My finest yarn yet.For me this is fantastic! I am usually too impatient to spin like this, because it takes a loooooong time to fill a bobbin. But for the Bowmont, it's worth it.

Next - A problem.

Posted 28 April 2007 at

Related Posts:
Bowmont Fleece 1 - The Breed
Bowmont Fleece 2 - Fiber Assessment
Bowmont Fleece 4 - A Problem
Bowmont Fleece 5 - A Comparison
Bowmont Fleece 6 - The Yarn


Sharon said...

Wow,wow,wow - those singles make me tingle. I usually work from fiber that I've had processed. Today while waiting for yarn to mordant, my neighbor Mim and I skirted one of my fleeces. The timing of your post is perfect. Mim and I agreed that for this fleece, I need to take time and process it bit by bit, rather than sending it off. Your locks are perfect - did you spin the grease? I'm not sure I want to go there~

Kathy L. said...

Thank heavens there are other spinners now who spin fine yarns. I always did, but 30 years ago found myself the "odd man out" as most spinners were doing thick, one ply yarns. It's wonderful to see your fine yarns, Leigh...I needed that. :-)

Tina T-P said...

Whoa - look at that - it is so fine! Will you be making lace with this yarn? It was interesting to read about the direction of the wool too - that had never occurred to me and now I think I can understand why sometimes the wool seems to spin up nicely and other times it just is a plain mess. Thanks for the insight. T. :-)

a simple yarn said...

Let's see....what's finer than laceweight? Sewing thread?!?

It is amazing (and I stand in awe) of your handspun that is so fine. You are a marvelous technician! And I'm glad that you found it so rewarding as well. Well done to ya!

cyndy said...

Beautiful handspun Bowmont! And so interesting (and informative) to read about your process and experience with the Online Guild!

Leslie Shelor said...

Wow, I just learned a lot! What beautiful spinning!

jackie said...

Leigh, that's not yarn. That is THREAD! I am amazed (as usual).